Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela - Born July 18, 1918, Umtata, Cape of Good Hope, S.Af.

In full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. A South African black nationalist and statesman, whose long custody (1962–90) and succeeding ascension to the presidency (1994), symbolized the aspirations of South Africa's black majority. He led the country until 1999.


The son of Chief Henry Mandela of the Xhosa-speaking Tembu people, Nelson Mandela renounced (Frasagde sig) his demand to the chieftainship (formandskabet) to become a lawyer. He attended the University College of Fort Hare and studied law at the University of Witwatersrand; he later succeeded the qualifying exam to become a lawyer.

In 1944 he joined the African National Congress, a black-liberation group, and in 1949 became one of its leaders, helping to refresh the organization and opposing the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party. Mandela went on trial for treason in 1956–61 but was acquitted (Frikendt). But thanks to the extended court proceedings he divorced his first wife and married Nomzamo Winifred Madikizela ( Winnie Madikizela-Mandela); they separated in 1996.

After the big massacre caused by the police of unarmed and innocent Africans, at Sharpeville 1960 and the subsequent banning of the ANC, Mandela abandoned his non-violent act and began advocating acts of sabotage against the South African regime. In 1962 he was arrested and sent to jail and was judged to spent five years there.

In 1963 the jailed Mandela and several other men were tried for sabotage, treason, and violent conspiracy in the celebrated Rivonia Trial, named after a fashionable suburb of Johannesburg where raiding police had found quantities of weapons and equipment at the headquarters of the underground Umkhonto We Sizwe. Mandela had been the founder of the organization and admitted himself guilty for some of the charges that were charged against him. On June 12, 1964, he was judged a life imprisonment.

From 1964 to 1982 Mandela was incarcerated at Robben Island Prison, off Cape Town. He was subsequently kept at the maximum-security Polls moor Prison until 1988, at which time he was hospitalized for tuberculosis. Mandela retained wide support among South Africa's black population, and his imprisonment became a cause célèbre among the international community that condemned apartheid. The South government]] under President F.W. de Klerk released Mandela from prison on February 11, 1990. On March 2 Mandela was chosen deputy president of the ANC (the president, Tambo, being ill), and he replaced Tambo as president in July 1991. Mandela and de-Klerk worked to end apartheid and bring about a peaceful transition to non-racial democracy in South Africa. In 1993 they were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for their efforts.

Why Mr. M became a hero
Today, thanks to the self-sacrifice of Nelson Mandela, apartheid has been outlawed. Everyone in South Africa now has an equal opportunity at home and at work to live comfortable, productive lives. Nelson Mandela is one of the world's true freedom fighters, and his life and personal triumphs will be remembered long after the world has forgotten the evils of Apartheid.

Characteristics: Freedom, stubborn, wise, player, honest and so on
Aim: make an end on apartheid.
Type of hero: Political freedom fighter.