The 2nd labor - To kill the Lernean Hydra



The second labor for Hercules to complete, was to find and kill a terrible monster called the Lernean Hydra...

The Hydra


img_9.jpgThe Hydra which lived in the swamps near to the ancient city of Lerna in Argolis, Greece, was a terrifying monster which like the Nemean lion, the Chimaera and Cerberus was the offspring of Echidna who was half maiden - half serpent(reptile), and Typhon who had a 100 heads. Other versions think, that the Hydra was the offspring of Styx and the Titan Pallas.
The Hydra had the body of a serpent and many heads (the number of heads deviates from five up to one hundred there are many versions, but generally nine is accepted as standard), of which one could never be harmed by any weapon, and if any of the other heads were severed, another would grow in its place; in some versions even two would grow. Also the stench from the Hydra's breath was enough to kill man or beast (in other versions it was a deadly venom). When it emerged from the swamp it would attack herds of cattle and local villagers, devouring them with its numerous heads. It terrorized the village for many years, but one day a guy named Hercules arrived...


The story


Heracles, that is the greek name of Hercules, journeyed to Lake Lerna, and with him he took his nephew and charioteer Iolaus, in search of the dreaded Hydra. When they finally reached the Hydras' hiding place, Heracles told Iolaus to stay with the horses, while he drew the monster from its hole with flaming arrows. This brought out the hideous beast. Heracles courageously attacked the beast, flaying at each head with his sword, (in some versions a scythe) but he soon realized that as one head was severed another grew in its place. Heracles called for help from Iolaus, telling him to bring a flaming torch, and as Heracles cut off the heads one by one from the Hydra, Iolaus cauterized the open wounds with the torch preventing them from growing again. As Heracles fought the writhing monster he was almost stifled by its obnoxious breath, but eventually, with the help of Iolaus, Heracles removed all but one of the Hydras' heads. The one remaining could not be harmed by any weapon, so, picking up his hefty club Heracles crushed it with one mighty blow, he then tore off the head with his bare hands and quickly buried it deep in the ground, placing a huge boulder on the top. After he had killed the Hydra, Heracles dipped the tips of his arrows into the Hydras' blood, which was extremely poisonous, making them deadly and the fact that he did that, eventually came in quite handy during the search of the other labors!

Since this is a myth...


Of course there are many versions of the story, obviously because it has been told, from one person to antoher, and every person probably gave the story his or hers own twist. Other versions of the story say, that while Heracles fought the Hydra, the goddess Hera sent down a giant crab which attacked his feet. This legend comes from a marble relief dating from the 2nd century BCE found at ancient Lerna, showing Heracles attacking the Hydra, and near his feet is a huge crab. Also other legends say that a stray arrow set alight the forest, and it was the burning trunks which Heracles ripped up and used to cauterize the open wounds.
You might want to note, that this "Hydrascene" is present fairly often i movies and stuff, most likely, because its sound like such a difficult task...